Manufacture of Hot-Dip Zinc Coating Fasteners according to ASTM A153 / ASTM A153M
ASTM A153 / A153M - 09 Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware
This specification covers standards for zinc coatings applied through hot-drip process on iron and steel hardware. The hot-dip galvanizing process shall form layers of Zn/Fe alloy adhering to the steel surface. This specification is applicable to steel hardware items of Classes A, B, C, and D. The thickness or weight/mass of zinc coating shall conform to specified values for various classes of materials. The coated articles shall be free from uncoated areas, blisters, flux deposits, dross inclusions, and other defects. The coating shall be smooth and reasonably uniform in thickness. Tests shall be performed to determine the minimum coating weight or minimum coating thickness, finish and appearance, embrittlement, adherence, average weight/mass of coating, and average thickness of coating. Guidelines are also given for inspection, rejection and retest, packaging, and certification procedures.
1.1 This specification covers zinc coatings applied by the hot-dip process on iron and steel hardware. The hot-dip galvanizing process consists of parts being immersed in molten zinc for a sufficient time to allow a metallurgical reaction between iron from the steel surface and the molten zinc, resulting in the formation of Zn/Fe alloy layers bonding the coating to the steel surface.
1.2 This specification is intended to be applicable to hardware items that are centrifuged or otherwise handled to remove excess galvanizing bath metal (free zinc). Coating thickness grade requirements reflect this.
1.3 This specification is applicable to orders in either inch-pound units (as A 153) or in SI units (as A 153M). Inch-pound units and SI units are not necessarily exact equivalents. Within the text of this specification and where appropriate, SI units are shown in brackets. Each system shall be used independently of the other without combining values in any way. In the case of orders in SI units, all testing and inspection shall be done using the metric equivalent of the test or inspection method as appropriate. In the case of orders in SI units, such shall be stated to the galvanizer when the order is placed.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
A90/A90M Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating on Iron and Steel Articles with Zinc or Zinc-Alloy Coatings
A143/A143M Practice for Safeguarding Against Embrittlement of Hot-Dip Galvanized Structural Steel Products and Procedure for Detecting Embrittlement
A780 Practice for Repair of Damaged and Uncoated Areas of Hot-Dip Galvanized Coatings
A902 Terminology Relating to Metallic Coated Steel Products
B6 Specification for Zinc
B487 Test Method for Measurement of Metal and Oxide Coating Thickness by Microscopical Examination of Cross Section
B960 Specification for Prime Western Grade-Recycled (PWG-R) Zinc
E376 Practice for Measuring Coating Thickness by Magnetic-Field or Eddy-Current (Electromagnetic) Examination Methods
F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection
F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners